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Table 1 Changes in primary outcome measures pre- to post-manipulation

From: Loving-kindness meditation: a tool to improve healthcare provider compassion, resilience, and patient care

  LKM PAI NEU
Measures M SE M SE M SE
Social Connectiona       
Other-focused positive affect .41*** .11 .26 .13 -.10 .12
Ratings of Strangers .43*** .10 .16 .09 .17** .06
Self-focusb −1.10*** .27 -.50 .34 .16 .23
  1. Note. LKM = loving-kindness meditation, PAI = positive-affect induction, NEU = neutral.
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.
  3. aAffect and social connection ratings were all made on a 7-point Likert scale.
  4. bSelection of first person singular pronouns (I, me, my) in a sentence completion exercise (Wegner & Giuliano, 1980).