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Table 2 Values of intercultural education as identified and synthesized from the literature

From: Developing tools to promote culturally competent compassion, courage, and intercultural communication in healthcare

• Respecting the cultural background and identity of the learner by relating learning to their previous knowledge and experiences
• Providing equal access to learning by eliminating discrimination in the education system and by promoting an inclusive learning environment
• Promoting learning which encourages the understanding of personal values and the development of self -awareness, both of which form the basis for reflective communication and co-operation across cultures and social boundaries
• Promoting a critical approach regarding the power linked to the production and use of knowledge to either oppress or emancipate people
• Tolerating language imperfections by providing language support and/or by allowing extra time for people to express themselves
• Avoid over-dependence on oral learning methods and use visual and other interactive and culturally appropriate learning approaches
• Emphasising realism. Intercultural learning is a life long process
• Promoting courage. Thinking outside the box and speaking out against injustice.