Skip to main content

Table 6 Means and standard deviation of all study variables

From: The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others

Scale M (SD)
US
N = 312
M (SD)
UK
N = 278
M (SD)
PT student
N = 418
M (SD)
PT general
N = 344
M (SD)
Total
N = 1352
α F; df significance η p 2 Post-Hoc
Age 20.78 (5.25) 26.28 (9.81) 20.97 (2.92) 36.36 (11.72) 25.94 (10.28)   61.59; 2 < .001 .08 UK;PT > US
CAAS
 Comp for others Engagement 39.48 (11.20) 39.76 (11.10) 42.97 (7.50) 43.48 (8.65) 41.59 (9.73) .88 16.77; 2 <.001 .03 US;UK < PT
 Comp for others Actions 28.25 (7.95) 28.47 (7.40) 30.91 (5.21) 31.67 (6.11) 29.97 (6.79) .92 23.62; 2 <.001 .04 US;UK < PT
 Comp from others Engagement 31.77 (11.12) 31.90 (9.78) 37.13 (8.60) 36.11 (9.95) 34.51 (10.13) .90 34.97; 2 <.001 .06 US;UK < PT
 Comp from others Actions 22.80 (7.98) 23.07 (6.97) 26.97 (6.15) 26.21 (7.61) 24.98 (7.40) .94 38.37; 2 <.001 .06 US;UK < PT
 Self comp Sensitivity 11.96 (4.08) 12.12 (4.09) 12.40 (3.33) 12.08 (3.61) 12.15 (3.75) .67 0.90; 2 .405 .00 US;UK;PT
 Self comp Engagement 22.61 (6.75) 21.93 (6.43) 24.75 (5.43) 24.80 (6.64) 23.67 (6.41) .74 19.69; 2 <.001 .03 US;UK < PT
 Self comp Actions 24.28 (7.52) 24.01 (8.18) 27.32 (6.19) 28.25 (7.05) 26.15 (7.40) .89 29.82; 2 <.001 .05 US;UK < PT
DASS
 Depression 5.03 (4.22) 3.81 (3.96) 3.07 (3.20) 3.67 (4.18) 3.86 (3.94) .87 8.33; 2 <.001 .01 UK;PT < US
 Anxiety 4.59 (4.06) 3.76 (3.53) 3.11 (3.56) 3.21 (3.82) 3.63 (3.79) .80 6.50; 2 .002 .01 UK;PT < US
 Stress 7.06 (4.12) 6.46 (4.47) 6.10 (4.16) 5.95 (4.21) 6.37 (4.24) .85 1.271; 2 .281 .00 US;UK;PT
FSCSRS
 Inadequate 15.68 (8.19) 16.13 (8.34) 13.54 (7.16) 12.34 (7.55) 14.29 (7.91) .88 11.25; 2 <.001 .02 US;UK > PT
 Reassured 18.51 (6.89) 19.80 (5.98) 20.21 (5.54) 20.12 (6.51) 19.69 (6.26) .87 3.80; 2 .023 .01 UK;PT > US
 Hated 3.86 (4.25) 2.95 (3.58) 2.07 (2.77) 2.68 (3.53) 2.85 (3.60) .51 10.95; 2 <.001 .02 UK;PT > US
SCS Positive 36.95
(9.79)
37.49
(9.71)
40.75
(7.88)
42.20
(35.88)
39.48
(9.11)
.90 0.11; 2 .897 .00 UK;US < PT
SCS Negative 37.59 (11.56) 36.49
(11.90)
37.41
(8.95)
35.88
(9.33)
36.88
(10.35)
.91 25.66; 2 <.001 .04 US;UK;PT
Comp Love Scale 99.75 (26.31) 93.10 (25.42) --- --- 96.74 (26.10) .96 10.48; 2 .001 .02 US > UK
Submissive Compassion 20.63 (8.46) 20.38 (9.51) 13.26 (7.89) 11.36 (8.30) 16.04 (9.42) .92 118.79; 2 <.001 .15 US;UK > PT
FCSIGS
 Compassionate Goals 25.13 (4.74) 25.05 (4.55) 25.85 (4.14) 25.72 (4.84) 25.48 (4.57) .91 3.10; 2 .046 .01 US;UK;PT
 Self-Image Goals 17.80 (4.67) 17.25 (4.83) 17.96 (4.22) 17.65 (4.88) 17.70 (4.64) .89 3.31; 2 .037 .01 US;PT > UK
SSCSCS
 State Compassion 35.97 (18.48) 41.30 (19.74) 40.57 (14.75) 48.83 (17.78) 40.35 (18.36) .94 5.87; 2 .003 .01 PT > US
 State Criticism 60.03 (16.11) 58.61 (17.57) 56.52 (14.03) 55.17 (15.54) 58.10 (16.05) .87 2.91; 2 .055 .01 US; UK;PT
Well-being 46.60 (10.16) 47.17 (9.21) --- --- 46.86 (9.74) .92 .002; 2 .961 .00 US;UK
Social comparison 57.33 (15.02) 54.69 (13.40) 59.72 (12.20) 62.28 (15.36) 58.79 (14.26) .90 15.14; 2 <.001 .02 US;PT > UK
  1. CAAS Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales; CTO Compassion to Others; CFO CAAS Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales; Comp for others Compassion for Others; Comp from others Compassion from Others; SC Sensitivity Self-Compassion Sensitivity to Suffering; SC Engagement Self-Compassion Engagement with Suffering; SC Actions Self-Compassion Actions; DASS Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; FSCSRS Forms of Self Criticising and Self Reassuring Scale; SCS Self-Compassion Scale; CLS Compassionate Love Scale; Submissive Compassion Submissive Compassion Scale; FCSIGS Friendship Compassionate and Self-Image Goals; SSCSCS State Self-Criticism & Self-Compassion Scale; Well-being Warwick and Edinburgh Well Being Scale; Social Comparison Social Comparison Rating Scale