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Table 2 Means, standard deviations and Cronbach’s alphas of study variables; means in males and females and t tests

From: Measuring competitive self-focus perspective taking, submissive compassion and compassion goals

Scale Cronbach’s alpha Mean (SD) N = 199 Mean (SD) Male (N = 88) Mean (SD) Female (N = 111) t P
Competitive Perspective Taking (CPT) .82 7.87 (4.69) 8.77 (4.86) 7.15 (4.45) 2.44 .016*
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) .72 24.69 (5.14) 24.47 (4.81) 24.86 (5.4) -.543 .588
Empathy Quotient (EQ) Total .86 30.2 (9.16) 27.36 (9.09) 32.45 (8.6) -4.04 .000**
EQ Cognitive Empathy .86 14.71 (5.35) 13.56 (5.74) 15.63 (4.86) -2.76 .006
EQ Emotional Reactivity .78 13.03 (4.91) 11.18 (4.46) 14.5 (4.78) -5 .000
EQ Social Skills .56 7.39 (2.72) 7.07 (2.56) 7.65 (2.82) -1.5 .135
Submissive Compassion (Sub. Comp.) .88 19.74 (8.56) 19.92 (7.82) 19.6 (9.13) .25 .799
Compassionate Goals (Comp. Goals) .71 24.56 (4.4) 24.48 (4.2) 24.62 (4.56) -.23 .819
Self-Image Goals .75 15.96 (4.81) 16.42 (4.73) 15.59 (4.87) 1.2 .230
Submissive Behaviour Scale (SBS) .84 19.26 (9.25) 22.92 (8.11) 25.32 (9.97) -1.83 .070
Other as Shamer Scale (OAS) .92 22.36 (11.89) 22.64 (12.07) 22.13 (11.79) .30 .764
FSCSRS Inadequate Self .89 17.89 (8.55) 17.56 (7.9) 18.15 (9.05) -.48 .631
FSCSRS Reassured Self .83 21.11 (5.39) 21.57 (5.21) 20.75 (6.44) .97 .331
FSCSRS Hated Self .78 3.43 (3.75) 4.02 (4.01) 2.96 (3.49) 1.985 .048*
DASS Depression .86 4.43 (4.53) 4.86 (4.74) 4.07 (4.34) 1.215 .226
DASS Anxiety .81 5.18 (4.48) 5.18 (4.61) 5.18 (4.39) .009 .993
DASS Stress .84 7.19 (4.9) 6.77 (4.86) 7.53 (4.92) -1.08 .284
  1. *p < 0.05; **p< 0.01 are significance in bold