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Table 1 Demographic group differences in the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-NS version R in oncology nurses, Tehran, Iran (n = 181)

From: Empathy from the perspective of oncology nurses

Variables Groups Number(%) Mean ± SD p
Age (year)d 20–30 48 (26.5) 99.9 ± 13.5 0.004
31–41 99 (54.6) 106.9 ± 18.6
≥42 34 (18.7) 111.7 ± 10.9
Sexe Male 21 (11.6) 105.6 ± 17.2 0.020
Female 160 (88.3) 108.6 ± 10.7
Marital Statusa,e Married 141 (77.9) 109.2 ± 14.4 0.001
Single 40 (22.0) 94.7 ± 18.7
Having childrene Yes 113 (62.3) 112.3 ± 17.2 0.001
No 68 (37.6) 102.0 ± 15.4
Educational Levele BScb 173 (95.5) 105.7 ± 16.8 0.009
MScc 8 (4.4) 112.7 ± 5.4
Work experience in nursing (year)d <1 8 (4.4) 109.5 ± 14.8 0.010
1–4 43 (23.7) 99.3 ± 12.9
≥5 130 (71.8) 108.0 ± 17.2
Work experience in oncology field (year)d <1 40 (22) 106.1 ± 15.8 0.475
1–4 83 (45.9) 104.5 ± 17.1
≥5 58 (32.0) 108.0 ± 16.2
Shift work statuse Fixed shift 97 (53.6) 109.4 ± 14.9 0.003
Rotating shift 84 (46.4) 102.1 ± 17.5
Job titlee Nurse 162 (89.5) 105.8 ± 16.8 0.636
Head nurse 19 (10.4) 107.7 ± 14.2
Type of employmente Official 110 (60.7) 107.6 ± 17.8 0.111
Contractual 71 (39.1) 103.5 ± 14.1
Type of hospital wardd Oncology 119 (65.7) 105.1 ± 16 0.159
Hematology 40 (22.0) 110.3 ± 18
Stem cell transplantation 22 (12.1) 103.2 ± 16.1
Sufficient monthly incomee Yes 11 (6.1) 100.2 ± 14.6 0.236
No 170 (93.9) 106.4 ± 16.6
Chronic diseasee Yes 25 (13.8) 108.2 ± 17.1 0.482
No 156 (86.2) 105.6 ± 16.5
  1. aMarital status is only divided into two groups, so there was no data for widowed and divorced nurses in the study
  2. bBachelor of Science (BSc) in Nursing
  3. cMaster of Science (MSc) in Nursing
  4. dF test
  5. et-test