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Table 2 Demographic group differences in the subscales of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) in oncology nurses, Tehran, Iran (N = 181)

From: Empathy from the perspective of oncology nurses

Subscale Variables Groups Mean ± SD P
Perspective Taking Marital Statusb Married 18.0 ± 3.8 0.007
Single 16.1 ± 4.9  
Work experience in oncology field (year)a <1 19.5 ± 3.1 0.001
1–4 16.4 ± 4.1  
≥5 18.0 ± 4.2  
Shift work statusb Fixed shift 18.2 ± 3.6 0.036
Rotating shift 16.9 ± 4.5  
Job titleb Nurse 17.3 ± 4.1 0.001
Head nurse 20.3 ± 2.9  
Fantasy Work experience in oncology field (year)a <1 14.0 ± 5.0 0.001
1–4 10.5 ± 6.0  
≥5 9.6 ± 4.4  
Chronic diseaseb Yes 15.0 ± 4.7 0.001
No 10.3 ± 5.4  
Empathic concern Age (year)a 20–30 17.5 ± 6.8 0.001
31–41 21.6 ± 5.3  
≥42 21.4 ± 3.7  
Sexb Male 19.0 ± 2.6 0.031
Female 20.7 ± 6.0  
  Marital Statusb Married 21.4 ± 5.5 0.001
Single 17.1 ± 5.6  
Work experience in nursing (year)a <1 20.6 ± 6.0 0.001
1–4 17.3 ± 7.1  
≥5 21.5 ± 4.9  
Shift work statusb Fixed shift 22.0 ± 4.5 0.001
Rotating shift 18.7 ± 6.5  
Type of hospital warda Oncology 20.4 ± 5.5 0.037
Hematology 22.1 ± 6.0  
Stem cell transplantation 18.1 ± 6.0  
Having childrenb Yes 23.0 ± 5.0 0.001
No 19.0 ± 5.7  
Personal Distress Marital Statusb Married 14.6 ± 4.3 0.001
Single 11.9 ± 4.7  
Having childrenb Yes 14.9 ± 3.5 0.034
No 13.5 ± 5.0  
Chronic diseaseb Yes 16.1 ± 3.8 0.013
No 13.7 ± 4.5  
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